EPSc 511 Minerals in Aqueous Environments
Spring 2020
Lecture Slides and Reading Assignments

Final versions of the lecture notes are posted after each lecture

For Reference, Lecture Materials from EPSc 444 Environmental Geochemistry can be reviewed here.

For accessing journal articles from off-campus, please review the following:
https://libguides.wustl.edu/offcampusaccess
https://libguides.wustl.edu/offcampusaccess/links

Lecture 1, Thursday, January 16, 2020
        Read: Crystal Chemistry section of Ch. 4 Manual of Mineral Science: Skim 170-183, Read 184-190
                   Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides by R.D. Shannon
     Review: Ch. 3 of William White’s Geochemistry textbook
                    Thermodyanamics Review

Lecture 2, Tuesday, January 21, 2020

        Read: Crystal Chemistry section of Ch. 4 Manual of Mineral Science: Read 190-210
                   Bond-valence parameters for solids by N. E. Brese and M. O'Keeffe
                   Chemistry of Aqua Ions: Read 1.1, Skim 1.2

Lecture 3, Thursday, January 23, 2020
        Read: Outline of Crystal Field Theory chapter of Mineralogical Applications of Crystal Field Theory by Burns, read 2.1, 2.3-2.6, 2.10-2.13, skim 2.7-2.9

Lecture 4, Tuesday, January 28, 2020
        Read: Crystallography section of Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials by Navrotsky: Read 2.1-2.4
                   Analytical Methods section on XRD from Manual of Mineral Science
                   Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction: Skim Ch. 6, Read Ch. 7 and Section 9.1
                   See also: Nicola Doebelin's large collection of lectures on XRD

Lecture 5, Thursday, January 30, 2020

        Read: Silicate Structures section of Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials by Navrotsky
                   Silica: Physical Behavior, Geochemistry, and Materials Applications: Read section from Ch. 1, skim Ch. 6 and Ch. 7
                   Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction: Skim Ch. 6, Read Ch. 7 and Section 9.1

Lecture 6, Tuesday, February 4, 2020
        Read: Fundamentals of Clay Mineral Structure: Review sections 1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, and 1.8
                   Individual Clay Minerals chapter of X-ray Diffraction and the Identification and Analysis of Clay Minerals by Moore and Reynolds
                   Analytical Methods section on Electron Microscopy from Manual of Mineral Science
                   Scanning Electron Microscopy chapter of Electron Microprobe Analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy in Geology by S.J.B. Reed
                   Transmission Electron Microscopy by D.B. Williams and C.B. Carter: Read Ch. 1, skim Ch. 5 and Ch. 9
                   For Reference: EPSc 444 Lecture on Clay Structures
                   Extra Information: Zeolites and NMR Spectroscopy

Lecture 7, Thursday, February 6, 2020
        Read: Iron Oxides: Read Ch. 1, skim Ch. 2, 3, 4, and 6
                   Aluminum Oxides: A classic from the 1980s! Read section 1, skim section 2
                   Aluminum Hydroxides chapter from Soil Mineralogy with Environmental Applications
                   Transmission Electron Microscopy by D.B. Williams and C.B. Carter: Read Ch. 1, skim Ch. 5 and Ch. 9
                   Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Earth and Planetary Materials
 
Lecture 8, Tuesday, February 11, 2020
        Read: Manganese Oxide Minerals: Read general information, skim individual minerals
                   Calcium Carbonate Formation and Dissolution: Read sections 1 and 2
                   See also: Geochemistry of Sedimentary Carbonates (a true classic!)
                   Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Earth and Planetary Materials
                   Extra Information: Phosphate Minerals
                   Phosphates: Ch. 1Ch. 5 (pp. 123-129), Ch. 11 (pp. 427-432)

Lecture 9, Thursday, February 13, 2020
        Read: Sulfate Minerals: Ch. 1 (pp. 1-17), Ch. 3 (skim entire chapter), Ch. 7 (skim entire chapter)
                   Sulfide Mineralogy and Geochemistry: Ch. 2 (read pp. 7-16), Ch. 5 (skim entire chapter)
                   Fourier Transform Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy chapter from Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3
                   Effect of Ions on the Structure of Water: Skim sections 1, 2, 4, 5, Read section 3
                   Chemistry of Aqua Ions: Skim sections 1.2 and 1.4

Lecture 10, Tuesday, February 18, 2020
        Read: Mineral-Water Interface Structures review article: Read section 1 and 4, skim the rest
                   On Points of Zero Charge
                   The Significance of Surface Complexation Reactions in Hydrologic Systems: A Geochemist’s Perspective: Read article
                   Thermodynamic Concepts in Modeling Sorption at the Mineral-Water Interface: For reference only, very thorough

No Class February 20, 2020: Prof. Catalano at NSF Data Management Workshop

Lecture 11, Tuesday, February 25, 2020

        Read: X-ray Reflectivity as a Probe of Mineral-Fluid Interfaces: Read 149-151, Skim 151-167, 185-214
                   On Points of Zero Charge
                   The Significance of Surface Complexation Reactions in Hydrologic Systems: A Geochemist’s Perspective: Read article
                   Thermodynamic Concepts in Modeling Sorption at the Mineral-Water Interface: For reference only, very thorough
                   IUPAC Report on Surface Area: Skim report
                   Surface Area and Porosity of Primary Silicate Minerals: Skim article

Lecture 12, Thursday, February 27, 2020

        Read: Sorption of Trace Elements on Mineral Surfaces: Skim entire article
                   Surface Complexation Modeling: Mineral Fluid Equilbria at the Molecular Scale: Skim entire article, read pp. 195-203

Project 1 Presentations on Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Project 1 Presentations on Thursday, March 5, 2020

No class March 10, 2020: Spring Break

No class March 12, 2020: Spring Break

No official class March 17, 2020: Extended Spring Break for COVID-19

Optional Zoom Test Meeting, March 17, 2020
Zoom meeting goes live at 8:20 am, brief discussion at 9:00 am
Zoom Test Meeting Lecture Slides
Trimmed Recording of Zoom Test Meeting

No class March 19, 2020: Extended Spring Break for COVID-19

Class Cancelled on Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Class Cancelled on Thursday, March 26, 2020

Lecture 13, Recorded on March 27, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Sorption of Trace Elements on Mineral Surfaces: Skim entire article
                   Analysis of Soils and Minerals Using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy chapter of Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 5: Read 387-399 (This article is up-to-date but very detailed)
                   X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy chapter from Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3 (This is a more accessible overview of XAFS spectroscopy)
                   Principles of Crystal Nucleation and Growth: Read 57-81, skim remainder of article
                   Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Mineral Phases: For reference, skim sections 7.1 to 7.3

Note: Starting with Lecture 14, the recordings are hosted by Zoom, which makes possible viewing of an automatically-generated transcript and closed captioning. This unforunately cannot be recreated for Lecture 13.

Lecture 14, Recorded on March 28, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Recorded Lecture, Part 3
        Read: Principles of Crystal Nucleation and Growth: Read 57-81, skim remainder of article
                   Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Mineral Phases: For reference, skim sections 7.1 to 7.3
                   Use of Atomic Force Microscopy chapter of Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 5: Skim entire chapter
                   Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation: Read 212-215, 218-222, 224-229, 237-239
                   Kinetics of Mineral Dissolution: Read section 5.2.2

Lecture 15, Recorded on April 1, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation: Read 224-229, 237-239, 240-248
                   Kinetics of Mineral Dissolution: Read section 5.2.2
                   Clay Formation: Skim chapters 6 to 9

Lecture 16, Recorded on April 2, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation: Read 240-248
                   Calcium Carbonate Formation and Dissolution: Read sections 3, 4, and 5
                   Mineral Surface Dissolution and Redox reading: Skim chapters 11 and 13
                   Oxidative and Reductive Dissolution of Minerals
chapter of Mineral-Water Interface Geochemistry: Skim
                   Iron oxide dissolution and solubility in the presence of siderophores by Kraemer

Friday, April 3, 2020, 11 am Question and Answer Session for Lectures 13 and 14
        Recorded meeting (posted locally, file too large for Zoom to host)

Tuesday, April 7, 2020, 9 am Question and Answer Session for Lectures 15 and 16
        Recorded meeting (posted locally, file too large for Zoom to host)
        Note: Missing first 5 minutes, Prof. Catalano forgot to start the recording.

Lecture 17, Recorded on April 5, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Mineral Surface Dissolution and Redox reading: Skim chapters 11 and 13
  
                 Fe(II)-Catalyzed Recrystallization of Goethite Revisited by Handler
                   Stable mineral recrystallization in low temperature aqueous systems: A critical review: Read sections 1, 2.2.2, and 4
                   Catalysis of Electron Transfer Reactions at Mineral Surfaces: Skim
                   X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy by Seyama
                   Auger Electron Spectroscopy by Nesbitt
                   Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry by MacRae
                   Ion Microprobe Mass Spectrometry by Ireland

Lecture 18, Recorded April 7, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Microbe-Mineral Interactions: Skim chapters 3, 4, and 5
                   Microbial Transformations of Minerals and Metals
: Read
                   X-ray Standing Waves review chapter: Skim

Tuesday, April 14, 2019, 9 am Question and Answer Session for Lectures 17 and 18
        Recorded meeting (posted locally, file too large for Zoom to host)

Lecture 19, Recorded April 9, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Nanoparticles in the Environment: Read 1-29, 37-48
                   Thermochemistry of Nanomaterials: Skim
                   Structure, Aggregation and Characterization of Nanoparticles: Skim, read SAXS section pp. 151-155
                   Nanoparticle Structure and Pair Distribution Function Analysis reading: Skim
                   Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Mineral Phases: Read section 7.5.2 about SAXS

Thursday, April 16, 2019, 9 am Question and Answer Session for Lectures 19
        Recorded meeting (posted locally, file too large for Zoom to host)

Lecture 20, Recorded April 12, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF): Download if you wish to play embedded video
        Recorded Lecture, Part 1
        Recorded Lecture, Part 2
        Read: Analysis of Rates of Geochemical Reactions: Skim
                   Kinetics of Sorption–Desorption: Read pp. 109-133
                   Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Mineral Phases: Skim sections 7.3 and 7.4
                   Ostwald Ripening article by Steefel and Van Cappellen (1990): Read
                   Molecular Modeling in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: Skim

Lecture 21, Recorded April 15, 2020
        Lecture Slides (PDF)
        Recorded Lecture (in full)
        Read: Ostwald Ripening article by Steefel and Van Cappellen (1990): Read
                   Kinetics of Mineral Dissolution: Read
                   Mineral Dissolution/Precipitation: Skim

Thursday, April 23, 2019, 9 am Question and Answer Session for Lectures 20 and 21
        Recorded meeting (posted locally, file too large for Zoom to host)


Please note: These slides are intended solely for use by students enrolled in EPSc 511 in Spring 2020.

© Copyright Jeffrey G. Catalano 2020